As festival-goers set sail for the Isle of Wight festival this weekend, international delivery expert ParcelHero is warning the UK’s festival scene could be about to face the music: because of rising logistics costs and the Great British weather. So could this be the end of the road for festivals as we know them? David Jinks MILT, explains.
ParcelHero’s research reveals the number of festivals has grown over 600% since 2004. There are over 1,000 festivals planned in the UK for 2016; with ticket prices rocketing to well over £200 for some of the largest music events. It has become a £2.3bn industry. But now some industry experts are arguing these numbers are unsustainable; ever-rising logistics and infrastructure costs could be enough to burst the festival bubble.
The UK’s biggest festival, Glastonbury, has a turnover of £37m: but that doesn’t mean its fields are paved with gold. It sees profits of just £86,000; such are the costs of its logistics and infrastructure.
Thats less than 50p per ticket!
As the festival scene reaches saturation, it’s an increasingly tough business: prominent events such as The Big Chill, Sonisphere, Oxegen and Cloud 9 have all fallen silent in recent years as the overheads stack up.
And we think many more could go the same way this year, as we’ve detailed in our new report Facing the Music: The Hidden Cost of Festivals. Already this year the fiercely independent Temples Festival in Bristol cancelled just four days before it was due to open; Manchester’s All Today’s Parties festival, and Forgotten Fields 2016 in Tunbridge Wells, were axed at short notice. Even Minehead’s popular electronic music festival, Bloc, has sounded its last synthesiser this spring; with organisers choosing to retreat to the safety of a permanent music venue from now on; due to – you guessed it – escalating logistics and infrastructure fees.
We know first hand that the transport costs behind a big event are frightening. The five stages at Download weigh 278 tons and require 57 artics to transport them. There are also 160 tons of lights, sound and video equipment to move. All this costs money. And then there are the added costs: for a decent size festival you can expect to pay up to £100,000 for electricity; the security alone at the Isle of Wight Festival cost £1m; and it costs £30,000 at Festival No 6 just to take the, err, waste, away.
Rising costs can make all the difference. When its policing costs rose from £29,000 to £175,000 The Glade Festival had no choice but to close down, and thats just one event. A wet summer can make all the difference; in the decidedly damp summer of 2012, 57 UK music festivals were cancelled, most never to return. To get an idea of the impact, the 2013 Cornbury Festival (fondly known as Poshstock) sold 1,200 tickets on the day of the event, but in soggy 2012 a meagre 200: £80,000 less.
And of course, all these costs occur before you pay for the artists. And since 2008 musicians have had to make more money out of performing than recorded music; thanks to the rise of music streaming. Organisers pay over $1m for Bruce Springsteen, Justin Bieber and Madonna. though Bob Dylan can be hired for $150,000, Ed Sheeran $125,00, and the Kaiser Chiefs are a snip at $25,000.
So what about a nice book festival instead? It appears book festivals are nearly as heavy as heavy metal! At the Edinburgh literary festival last year, 60,000 books were sold: 60,000 hardbacks weigh at least 60 tonnes – the equivalent to 38 delivery van loads! The numbers can be impressive; but that doesn’t ensure a profit. The Financial Times reported the 2012 Cheltenham Literature Festival sold 135,000 tickets for £4,887,251 but spent £4,937,645: a loss of over £50,000!
There’s little doubt the festival scene has peaked; and only those events with the deepest coffers will survive the spiralling increase in costs. The future of the UK festival scene is balanced on a knife edge: one more poor summer could see the end of festivities for many of our favourite events.